Nissan said this month that it would build its new X-Trail

  rather than in northernEngland”Japanese businesses are seeing returning to Japan as affordable and profitable,” said S

tephen Nagy, an associate professor at International Christian University in Tokyo.

  Honda said it had decided to shut its plant because of “the unpre

cedented changes in the global automotive industry” such as the shift toward electric veh

cles. It plans to move production from Britain to Japan, the United States and China.

  Recent trade deals have also made Britain a less attractive base for Japanese companies after Brexit.

  Nagy pointed to the trade deal between the European Union and Japan, which took effec

t this month, and the agreement between 11 Pacific nations that kicked in at the end of last year.

  ”The UK will not be part of either [deal], making it a much less attractive platform for Japanese businesses,” he said.

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